Problem gambling

Problem gambling

Problem gambling, or ludomania, is an urge to continuously gamble despite harmful negative consequences or a desire to stop. Problem gambling often is defined by whether harm is experienced by the gambler or others, rather than by the gambler's behavior. Severe problem gambling may be diagnosed as clinical pathological gambling if the gambler meets certain criteria. Pathological gambling is a common disorder that is associated with social costs, and family. The condition is classified as an impulse control disorder, although similarities exist with other disorders, it is particularly similar to substance addictions. Although the term gambling addiction is used in the recovery movement,[1] pathological gambling is considered by the American Psychiatric Association to be an impulse control disorder rather than an addiction. Research by governments in Australia led to a universal definition for that country which appears to be the only research-based definition not to use diagnostic criteria: "Problem gambling is characterized by many difficulties in limiting money and/or time spent on gambling which leads to adverse consequences for the gambler, others, or for the community.[3] The University of Maryland Medical Center defines pathological gambling as "being unable to resist impulses to gamble, which can lead to severe personal or social consequences."[4] Most other definitions of problem gambling can usually be simplified to any gambling that causes harm to the gambler or someone else in any way; howe er, these definitions are usually coupled with descriptions of the type of harm or the use of diagnostic criteria.[citation needed] According to DSM-IV, pathological gambling is now defined as separate from a manic episode. Only when the gambling occurs independent of other impulsive, mood, or thought disorders is it considered its own diagnosis. In order to be diagnosed, an individual must have at least five of the following symptoms:[5] Preoccupation. The subject has frequent thoughts about gambling experiences, whether past, future, or fantasy. Tolerance. As with drug tolerance, the subject requires larger or more frequent wagers to experience the same "rush". Withdrawal. Restlessness or irritability associated with attempts to cease or reduce gambling. Escape. The subject gambles to improve mood or escape problems. Chasing. The subject tries to win back gambling losses with more gambling. Lying. The subject tries to hide the extent of his or her gambling by lying to family, friends, or therapists. Loss of control. The person has unsuccessfully attempted to reduce gambling. Illegal acts. The person has broken the law in order to obtain gambling money or recover gambling losses. This may include acts of theft, embezzlement, fraud, or forgery. Risked significant relationship. The person gambles despite risking or losing a relationship, job, or other significant opportunity. Bailout. The person turns to family, friends, or another third party for financial assistance as a result of gambling.